Copyright © 2020 PINKVILLA Terms of Use | Contact Us | Advertise | About Us. In the month of Muharram, Muslims mourn and give up their happiness. [28] Taziyas were popular through the Qajar dynasty until the early twentieth century, but the re-enactments slowly declined until they were mostly abandoned in the large cities by the early 1940s. People lighting candles at the night of Ashura in Tehran, Iran. Tabuiks (funeral biers) being lowered into the sea in West Sumatra, Indonesia. In South Asia, literary and musical genres produced by both Shias and Sunnis, that have been inspired by the Battle of Karbala are performed during the month, such as marsiya, noha and soaz. They carry public mourning rituals in remembrance of Imam Hussain (AS). [29], By increasing the number of shia Muslim in cities and states, mourning of muharram’s ritual changed to a more elaborate form. Majalis-e Aza, also known as Aza-e Husayn, includes mourning congregations, lamentations, matam and all such actions which express the emotions of grief and above all, repulsion against what Yazid I stood for. Muharram is celebrated as the advent of the Islamic New Year by participating Muslims around the globe. Nakhl is a wooden (lit. [14], As Chelkowski said, in fourth century in Baghdad, contemporaneous with the reigns of Sulton Muizz ad-Dawla of the Shia Buyid dynasty, the first public mourning ritual happened, and the market was closed by order of him on day of Ashura. It means that the value of fasting in Muharram is the maximum after the fasting in Ramadan. For why Muharram is celebrated, we have to go to that part of the date when the Khilafat … After a while, in order to protect mourners from weather, the Hussainiya and the Tekyeh were built. At the Isfahanis’ mosque, mourners just gather into the middle of the courtyard bared their upper torsos هn the form of a procession and began randomly beating their chests to the melodic suggestions.[33]. It is narrated that when he started to ride back to the camp with the water, he was surprise-attacked. The tenth day of Muharram ul Haram is known as Ashura. [2], Expression of grief with thumping of the chest by Shia Muslims is known as Latmya, Latmaya or latmia in Arabic-Persian countries. The previous record of this dramatic act reaches back to the seventeenth century practice in the Caucasus and in Azerbaijan, and was observed in the nineteenth century by the Shia Twelvers in central and southern cities of Iran and the Arab world. The leader of the opposition saw Abbas gaining ground and ordered for more army men to attack the flag bearer, stating, "If water is brought back to their tent, there is no stopping them." [6], Depending on the condition of society, the Muharram processions changes from one city to another. Why Is Muharram ul Haram Celebrated? It is that day when Yazid murdered Prophet’s favorite grandson and his people “celebrated” the killing. It is considered one of the most significant festivals celebrated by the Muslim community.Â, On the 10th day of Muharram, also known as Ashura, Shia Muslims across the world mourn the death of the Prophet Muhammad’s grandson, Imam Hussain Ali. [15], The event is observed by many Sunnis[citation needed], but to a lesser extent, and as a time of remembrance, rather than mourning[citation needed]. They start mourning from the 1st night of Muharram and continue for the next 2 months and 8 days. The Mourning of Muharram (also known as the Remembrance of Muharram or Muharram Observances) is a set of commemoration rituals observed primarily by Shia and Sufi Muslims, and marked by all Muslims,[1][2] as well as some non-Muslims. Shia Muslims worldwide celebrate Muharram in memory of the martyrdom of Imam Hussain and his followers. Muharram is not festival to celebrate, It is a first month in Islamic Calender where Muslims like SHIA and BOHRA begin mourning and beating from the first night of Muharram and continue for ten nights, i.e 10th of … In Hyderabad, the Bibi-Ka-Alam procession is taken annually to mark the date.[39][40]. On the first day of Muharram, the Islamic New year is celebrated, which is considered a very holy celebration. It is considered the holiest month for Muslims, following Ramadan. [6], Imam Husayn Shrine is located at the mosque and burial site of Husayn ibn Ali, the third Shia Imam in the city of Karbala, Iraq. People taking vows for poor people in Isfahan, Iran. Archers then started bombarding Abbas with arrows which pierced the water skin, bringing him down from his horse with the alam falling to the ground. • 1 Muharram: Seizure of the Grand Mosque in 1400 AH (1979 AD). Alams with Abbas' name usually include an ornament that resembles the water skin that he intended to fill for the children. The real meaning of Muharram is forbidden, illegal, unpermitted, impermissible, and so on. Muharram is the second most holy month of the Islamic year, after Ramadan, its name meaning “forbidden”, many followers of the faith choosing to … As an act of self-flagellation, mourners whip themselves with sharp objects to show solidarity with the martyrs. They also refrain from attending and celebrating all joyous events in this period.Â, Sunni Muslims, on the other hand, observe the day with fasts from sunrise to sunset. Why is Muharram celebrated? Up to one million pilgrims visit the city annually to observe the anniversary of Imam Husayn ibn Ali's death. I Traditions and customs for Muharram vary for Shia and Sunni Muslims, but the date is a public holiday in most Islamic countries, including the United Arab Emirates and Malaysia. It is a festival which indicates the martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Hussain. Nonetheless, taziyas continued to exist in Iran on a smaller scale especially in more rural and traditional areas. [6], Chest beating (Persian: سینه زنی‎) refer to common rituals practiced in mourning ceremonies of Shia Imams. In Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica[41] all ethnic and religious communities participate in the event, locally known as "Hosay" or "Hussay". The chest beating is allowed just in calamities belong to the family of Muhammad. According to the beliefs, Emperor Yazid persecuted Hussein and his family members to establish his power and killed 10 Muharram … The procession was common ritual’s mourning of dead persons in Arabic states before the appearance of Islam. However, both Shia and Sunni Muslims consider Muharram holy for different reasons. According to popular belief, Shia rituals spread to South Asia starting at the end of the 14th Century with the conquests of Tamerlane. The word of Rawda-khawani means "recitation from Rawdat alshuhada" and generally is named Rawda. He still has an important role in the religious and national consciousness of the people. Since then, Imam Hussain’s death is mourned among the Muslim community.Â, On this day, mourners offer prayers at mosques and take out the processions grieving the death of the Prophet’s grandson. This day marks the day Prophet Nuh left the Ark, and the day that Allah saved Prophet Musa from the Pharaoh of Egypt, crossing the Sea with his group. The grandson of the Prophet was killed on this day during the battle of Karbala, by the soldiers of Caliph Yazid in 680 AD, according to Hindustan Times. and focus on the fasting of the 10th day of Muharram in memory of Prophet Moses exodus from Egypt. [32] During this month, Muslims are forbidden to fight or engage in any other form of sin. In the ninth century, lamentation and wailing became propounded as a mourning tradition. It is one of the four sacred months of the year during which warfare is forbidden. Shia Muslims around the world every year commemorate the mourning custom of death of Husayn ibn Ali, his family and his follower in months of Muharram and Safar. "[1], The term majalis has both a grammatical meaning and a meaning which relates to Aza-e-Husayn. Regarded as one of the four Islamic sacred months of the year, Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calender, thereby making it the Islamic New Year. Many Shia go on a pilgrimage to the shrine in Karbala, one of the holiest places for Shias apart from Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. In the nineteenth century, the Iranian practiced chest-beating introduced by Indian Syed Dildar Ali Nasirabadi and the chest-beating was attributed to the concept of Zuljinah (the horse with two wings) processions. Many of the events associated with the ritual take place in congregation halls known as Hussainia. The word ‘Muharram’ means ‘forbidden’. [23] In some Shi'a societies, such as those in Bahrain, Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, Iran, Syria, Bangladesh and Iraq, male participants may incorporate knives or razors swung upon chains into their matam. Muharram is a significant and vital festival of Muslims. [34] He later argued that while the communist regime of USSR closed or changed many mosques and banned many other Islamic practices in Azerbaijan, they allowed flagellation. [36], One of the most important and symbolic objects used at mourning rituals is the Alam. It is a month of mourning for Shia Muslims. date-palm) structure used as a symbolic representation of the Imam's coffin, and nakhl-gardani is the act of carrying the nakhl in procession, resembling Imam's funeral.[38]. On the main day of Muharram, the Islamic New year is praised, which is viewed as a sacred festival. The pole is then dressed with cloth and a banner with the names of Muhammad's family members. It contains the first spiritual holiday of the Islamic calendar, Ashura, which leads to a variety of celebrations throughout the Muslim world. Muharram marks the beginning of the Islamic year, according to the Islamic calendar. Muslims all across the world begin the Islamic New Year with the month of Muharram, which started on September 1 this year. The common form is the starting of mourning processions from Hussainiya and the participants would parade through the streets of their town or village, finally they come back to Hussainiya for performing other mourning of Muharram’s ritual. Why is Muharram celebrated? During Imam Al-Mustansir Billah's (d. 427/1094) era, the 18th Ismaili Imam, audiences were encouraged to explicitly express sorrow and tears on the occasion of ʿAashura as written in the majalis authored by Syedna Al-Mu'ayyad fi'l-Din al-Shirazi (470/1078). Alam procession on Ashura in Barabanki, India (2009). Al-Maqrizi (d. 845/1442), a medieval Egyptian historian, notes that in the Fatimi empire the Day of ʿAashura was marked as a day of grief and markets were shut.[10]. Both events in the history marked the battle of similar virtues — right versus wrong. [6][30] The poet or another one read the noha with plaintive rhythm. Imam Hussain was the grandson of Prophet Mohammed, who was considered a martyr in Karbala's war. Muharram 2020: History, significance and why is it celebrated. Muharram 2019 | Muharram, considered one of the most significant festivals celebrated by the Muslim community, marks the beginning of the Islamic New Year.This year the 10th day of Muharram, also known as Ashura or 'Youm-e-Ashura', falls on Tuesday (10 September).. Muharram which is the first month of … [15] In 1993, Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei, leader of Iran issued a fatwa calling flagellation wrong, fake and false. Self-flagellation has been practiced but is now considered haram (prohibited) by most Usuli Shia authorities (maraji). [3] Muharram observances are carried out in countries with a sizable Shia population. MUHARRAM The New Year of Islam What is Muharram ? [6] Following the battle of Karbala, Muhammad's granddaughter Zaynab bint Ali and sister of Imam Husayn, began mourning for the fallen and making speeches against Imam Husayn ibn Ali's opponents: Ibn Ziyad and Yazid I. The 10th day of Muharram is known as the day of Ashura. Rawda is one of the Shia Iranian mourning rituals to commemorate the death of Husayn ibn Ali and his followers – especially it is the kind of public lamentation. Muharram Date in India: This year in India, Muharram will be celebrated on August 20 and 21. It is considered one of the most significant festivals celebrated by the Muslim community. Reza Shah, the first of the Pahlavi dynasty, had outlawed taziyas. In India and Pakistan it is called Matam or Matam-Dari/Sina Zannee (chest beating). Acts of flagellation are a symbolic reenacting of the blood-shedding of Husayn ibn Ali. Though all sects of Islam celebrate Ashura, Shiites put extra emphasis on the holiday and use it as a time to … The Islamic Lunar Calendar is 11 or 12 days shorter than the solar calendar, or the Gregorian one, which is followed in most western countries. Children on camels in front of Azakhana or Hussainia Juloos in Amroha, India. [6], During the Fatimid Caliphate, Imam Al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah (d. 365/975), the 14th Ismaili imam, instructed Syedna Al-Qadi al-Nu'man to proclaim in his Friday sermon the significance of ʿAashura and elucidate the manner in which it should be commemorated.[9]. Why is Muharram celebrated? While Shia Muslims observe the first ten days as public mourning, the Sunni Muslims evade any overt display of happiness such as weddings etc. Why And How The Festival Of Muharram Is Celebrated The solemn festival of Muharram refers to the first month of the Islamic Lunar calendar. The holy month of Muharram signifies the start of a new Islamic year. matam with implements like chains, knives, swords and blades, that is, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 01:39. At first this ritual became customary on first ten days of Muharram, but by passing of time it was performed during Muharam and Safar and other days of year. Abbas lost both of his arms in battle yet he still continued to clench the water skin (mushk) with his teeth, determined to bring the water back to the children. [15][37], Nakhl Gardani (Persian: نخل گردانی‎, Persian pronunciation: [næxl ɡærdɑːniː]) is a religious ritual carried out on the day of Ashura for commemorating the death of Husayn ibn Ali's death. The festival of Muharram marks the first month of the Islamic calendar. It is regarded as a pious and important festival by the community. These rituals include the memorial services (majalis al-ta'ziya), the visitation of Husayn's tomb in Karbala particularly on the occasion of the tenth day of Ashura and the fortieth day after the battle (Ziyarat Ashura and ziyarat al-Arba'in), the public mourning processions (al-mawakib al-husayniyya or the representation of the battle of Karbala in the form of a play (the shabih), and the flagellation (tatbir). Lamenting and weeping for the (mazloom) wronged and offering condolences to his family, thus, will serve as one of the good deeds done by the mourners of Husayn (azadaar e Husayn) and will be helpful in saving them from being condemned to hell fire on the day of judgment. Download the Pinkvilla App for latest Bollywood & Entertainment news, hot celebrity photos, lifestyle articles, fashion & beauty news,Hollywood, K-Drama etc . getty images. In its technical sense, a majalis is a meeting, a session or a gathering. Alams all vary in size but usually consist of a wood pole base, with a metal finial and cross-bar that is fixated at the top of the pole. Muslims consider the month of Muharram a month to mourn Imam Hussain’s martyrdom in the Battle of Karbala. The origin place of Rawda was Iran, but then at Bahrain this ritual is seen in its original form and at other place like India, the modified form of it is held. It states the start of the Islamic New year. [13] Ibn al-Tuwayr records that on the Day of ʿAashura, the royal carpets in the palace would be replaced with straw mats. Many of the events associated with the ritual take place in congregation halls known as Hussainia. The Day of Ashura, or the tenth day of Muharram, is an important day for Muslims. According to the narration, Shia Imams had emphasized to weep for them, so it had transmitted to future generation. Question on Muharram Why is Muharram celebrated? [8], During the Umayyad Caliphate, the mourning of Husain ibn Ali’s Killing was performed furtively in the homes of Shia Imam and their followers, but during the Abbasid Caliphate this mourning was observed in public mosques by the Abbasid rulers to draw a people’s attention . During the battle of Karbala, the original standard-bearer of Husayn ibn Ali's kafala (caravan) was Abbas, Husayn's brother. 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Rawda means garden in Arabic language and this name is acquired from the title of Rawdat al-Shuhada, literary masterpiece book authored by Husayn Waiz Kashifi in Persian. Abbas lost his life in battle when he went to retrieve water from the Euphrates River for the caravan's young children who were thirsty for three days. Noha is the poem and story that be inspired from Maqtal al-Husayn (various books which narrate the story of the battle of Karbala and the death of Husayn ibn Ali) . It is a festival which indicates the martyrdom of … It marks the day Nuh (Noah) left the Ark, and the day that Prophet Musa (Moses) was saved from the Pharaoh of Egypt by God, crossing the Red Sea with his people. Read on to know why Muslims mourn on this day and its significance. They entitle him "Prince of Martyrs" and know him as a spiritual and political savior. What Shias Do: 5 Ways to invoke the Christmas spirit and bring in the festive cheer. There is mourning among Ahl-e-Sunnat wal Jamaa'ah, as well as they remember Ahl-e-Bayt, and in particular Imaam Hussein, as well as the Sahaabahs, through talks across masjids (mosques) during the first 10 days of Muharram-ul-Haraam. Last year it began on September 21, and in 2016 it started on October 2. [7], According to the History of the Prophets and Kings, when Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin gave the sermon in presence of Yazid, he let them hold the mourning of Husain ibn Ali for three days in a formal manner. They also hold gatherings and pray in mosques to remember the sacrifice done by Iman Hussain. Â, ALSO READ: Muharram 2020: Wishes, Quotes, WhatsApp status and messages to send on Hijri New Year. According to Shia tradition, the weeping and the flow of tears provides condolences to Imam Husayn's mother and his family, as the living relatives (mostly women and children) were not allowed to weep or lament over their martyred family which involved Imam Husayn's, his family (including his two sons, a six-month-old baby martyred by an arrow/spear to his neck and another 18 year who took a spear to his heart) and his companions. In Indonesia, the event is known as Tabuik (Minangkabau language) or Tabut (Indonesian).[42]. Despite attempts since 1979, Muharram processions and various forms of the rawza khani are still more common. Sunni and Shia Muslims mark Muharram … The commemoration of this event during the yearly mourning season, with the Day of Ashura as the focal date, serves to define Shia communal identity. [6] [15] The mourning rituals evolved differently in different places, until the Safavid dynasty established a centralized Shia state in the 16th century:[16]:118 The annual mourning ceremonies and ritual cursing of Husayn's enemies acquired the status of a national institution. Muharram, the first of the 12 months of the Islamic calendar, is the second holiest month after Ramadan for people belonging to the Muslim community. The length of an Alam can be about 15 feet. [22] Male and female participants congregate in public for ceremonial chest beating (matam- سینہ زنی) as a display of their devotion to Imam Husayn and in remembrance of his suffering. Also, an Alam is decorated by plumes and fine embroidered silks and brocades. The main subject of noha is the pain from the killing of Husayn ibn Ali. He was killed by the army of the Caliph Yazid in 680 AD at the battle of Karbala … Fasting in Muharram is next to fasting in Ramadan. [31], The reaction of the audience in the reenactment of the Battle of Karbala’ episode is significant for the strengthening of distinct Shia identity and the weeping over the killing of Husayn ibn Ali and his follower is one of these reactions. The words Azadari (Persian: عزاداری) or Sogvari (سوگواری) which mean mourning and lamentation; and Majalis-e Aza have been exclusively used in connection with the remembrance ceremonies for the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (A.S). So, as a Muslim, we must consider the fasting in this month as it is the best way to get peace of mind. The real meaning of Muharram is forbidden, illegal, unpermitted, impermissible, and so on. [16]:120 Observance has since spread to countries such as India, Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan, Syria, Nigeria, Tanzania, Saudi Arabia, Bangladesh, Yemen, Bahrain, Azerbaijan and Lebanon. Muharram is a significant and vital festival of Muslims. The chest-beating, flagellation and face-slapping (latm)[citation needed] are usual acts doing during the mourning procession, but chest-beating and face-slapping (latm) have more precedence and the history of doing this acts had been reached to Buyid dynasty period. the practicing of chest beating in Busher, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Shankar, Guha (2003) Imagining India(ns): Cultural Performances and Diaspora Politics in Jamaica. Today, Rawda is either the story of Rawdat of al-Shuhada or stories that Rawḍa-k̲h̲ w ān (person who does the recitation) creates by his skills and knowledge to release the original text of the book. [15][17][18], The type of mourning of Muharram varies between branches of Shia, Sunni, and different ethnic groups.[19]. Alams are a reminder of Abbas' martyrdom, and act as a symbol of affection and salutation towards the followers of Husayn ibn Ali who lost their lives in Karbala. Muslims don't celebrate Muharram but observe Muharram, and remember the martyrs who saved the religion from wrongdoers. Shias mourn on the first 10 days of Muharram by carrying a number of activities that show remorse. However, Ashura is observed differently by Shia and Sunni Muslims around the world.Â, The Shia sects mark the day with meetings, morning processions, fasting and feeding the poor. You can also fast in this month as … [11][12] The 20th Musta'li Isma'ili Imam, Al-Amir bi-Ahkam Allah (526/1132), presided over a congregation on the Day of ʿAashura seated on an un-cushioned chair made of palm branches. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Texas, Austin, Casualties of Husayn's caravan in Karbala, Sermon of Zaynab bint Ali in the court of Yazid, List of casualties in Husayn's army at the Battle of Karbala, "Syedna al-Muʾayyad al-Shirazi's RA Maja", "The King Who Loved Azadari of Imam Husain", Shīʻite Heritage: Essays on Classical and Modern Traditions, Mullahs on the Mainframe: Islam and Modernity among the Daudi Bohras, Reliving Karbala: Martyrdom in South Asian Memory, Sharing the Sacred: Practicing Pluralism in Muslim North India, "Why Some Muslims Self-Flagellate On This Religious Holiday", "دیدار روحانیون استان کهکیلویه و بویراحمد با رهبر انقلاب", "Abdar Khana, a key part of Muharram procession in Hyderabad, goes missing", Athna Ashri Akhbari Islamic School of Thoughts, Description of breast beating portion of Muharram mourning ceremonies, A Brief Introduction to Majalis and Azadari, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mourning_of_Muharram&oldid=991436131, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles containing Persian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mourn and derive messages from Hussein's Sacrifice (Shi'a and Sunni Islam); Fasting (Sunni Islam). [20] Shia Muslims believe that pilgrimage to Husayn ibn Ali’s shrine, like weeping, wipes out their sins to a great extent. It is a month of serious reflections for the Muslim world. How Is Muharram Celebrated The Shia Muslims consider Muharram to be the period of mourning and remembering martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Husain. Muharram is the month of Allah. The 10th day of Muharram, called Ashura, is an important day for Muslims. It marks the day that Nuh, or Noah, left the Ark. There are two basic forms of matam:[24][25][26], Matam in South Asia is the most significant and sensitive Shia identity marker, although the act is also condemned by many Shi'a religious leaders. It states the start of the Islamic New year. News of Imam Husayn ibn Ali's martyrdom was spread by Imam Zain-ul-Abideen, who succeeded Imam Husayn as the Shia Imam, via sermons and speeches throughout Iraq, Syria and Hejaz. Muharram, in itself, means “forbidden” and since it is considered to be holy, many Muslims use it as a period of prayer and reflection. Like all Muslim holidays, Muharram or New Year, moves from year to … Muharram or Yaum-e-Ashura marks the beginning of the Islamic New Year, according to the Islamic calendar or the Hirji Calendar. Muharram is the first month, which marks the beginning of a new year in Islamic calendar. aʿlām, 'standard' or 'banner') dip up and down from afar. Most of the Muslims fast on this day. The general meaning of the adjective muharram means "banned, barred, forbidden, illegal, illicit, impermissible, prohibited, unlawful, unpermitted, unauthorized". [4], Muharram rituals was often called by European observers "the Feast of Hasan and Hosayn," as the participants shout "Hasan! The event marks the anniversary of the Battle of Karbala (AD 680/AH 61), when Imam Hussein ibn Ali, a grandson of Prophet Muhammad, was martyred by the forces of the second Umayyad caliph. Muḥarram (Arabic: المحرّم) is the first month of the Islamic calendar. Here’s how Muslims observe the day of Muharram. There is close relation between the lamentation and weeping. [21], The Arabic term matam refers in general to an act or gesture of mourning; in Shia Islam the term designates acts of lamentation for the martyrs of Karbala. Muharram is the first of the four sacred months in the Islamic calendar. The Imam AS wore a veil that day, and the reporter, Ibn al-Ma’mun, writes that sorrow and grief were clearly visible in his countenance. 1. In fact, the month of Muharram is considered the second most holy month after Ramzan. [35] While the fatwa is not obligatory to followers of other Maraji, official stance of Iranian government is that of the leader, so that flagellation is not openly practiced in Iran anymore. The commemoration falls in Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar. The Mourning of Muharram (also known as the Remembrance of Muharram or Muharram Observances) is a set of commemoration rituals observed primarily by Shia and Sufi Muslims, and marked by all Muslims, as well as some non-Muslims. Muharram is a day to celebrate mourning and remember the martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Hussain, who protects religion. The commemoration falls in Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar. Similar to last year, Dussehra and Ashura (10th day of Muharram) will be celebrated consecutively this year too. The holy day is observed on the tenth of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic lunar calendar. It is the ensign of Husayn ibn Ali in the Battle of Karbala and a sign of truth and bravery. In 2018, Muharram will be observed from September 11 - October 9. Family members and companions accompanying him were either killed or subjected to humiliation. Shia Muslims mourn during Muharram, although Sunnis do so to a much lesser extent. Noha consists of poems in different languages such as Arabic, Urdu, Farsi,Saraeki, Sindhi and Punjabi. This is meant to increase the people's understanding of how the enemies fought The Battle of Karbala against Imam Husayn and his followers. It is a norm for people in the community to fast during the holy Muharram period. Storytelling, weeping and chest beating, wearing black, partial fasting, street processions, and re-enactments of the Battle of Karbala form the crux of the observances. It is also the day that God saved Prophet Musa, or Moses, from the Pharaoh of Egypt by helping him and his people cross the Red Sea. Muharram Date 2019: 'Ashura' day, which is the emotional peak day of Muharram when Muslims typically intensify their expression of … The most sacred day within this month is the Day of […] There were various types of flagellation including striking of chests with the palms, striking of backs with chains, and cutting foreheads with knives or swords. This ritual can be held at every where such as houses, the yard of mosque, the square of city or village and also Hussainiya and the Tekyeh.
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